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Re-Creating the Corporation: A Design of Organizations for the 21st Century
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- Re-creating the corporation : a design of organizations for the 21st century.
- Russell L. Ackoff;
- Re-Creating the Corporation: A Design of Organizations for the 21st Century.
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Russell L. Ackoff - Wikiquote
The spine remains undamaged. Disclaimer:A copy that has been read, but remains in clean condition. The spine may show signs of wear. The reference projection should be formed based on the critical success factors of the organization that will lead to its destruction in its projected future. This method of analysis a reference projection will produce "how and why the organization will destroy itself". Critical success factors could include an organization's expenses, revenues , return on investments , and safety records.
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- Re-creating the corporation : a design of organizations for the 21st century?
In all instances, the reference projection should sufficiently illustrate the future of the organization if it did not change its behavior. In this sense the reference projection provides a means to identify potential limiting business strategies and suggest ways to avoid serious future failures.
This is the process of defining the desired present state, and identifying gaps between the desired present and the current reference projections of the organization. This process is achieved by making explicit exactly what is wanted by an organization. In an organization three specific types of ends are ideals, objectives, and goals. This is the process of determining what needs to be done to close the gaps between the desired present and the current reference projections of the organization.
The main objective of means planning is to determine how the gaps are to be closed or reduced, which will provide the instructions needed to close or reduce those gaps. Means come in different forms, depending on the complexity of the gaps. Types of means include: acts, courses of action or procedures, practices, processes, projects, programs, and policies.
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Resource planning relies heavily on means planning because it provides the backbone from how much resources are inevitably needed. Typically in the resource planning stage of interactive planning five types of resources are focused on: money, capital goods, people, consumables, data. For each resource type, questions to be addressed are:.
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This is the process of determining "who, what, when, where and how" the plan will be put into action. Implementation is achieved by creating specific instructions based on the means selected during the means planning process of interactive planning. It consists of implementation decisions and expectations, which should always be monitored and controlled. In addition, the individuals who make the decisions should be available to those responsible for carrying out the decision.
This is the process of deciding how to monitor the implementation phase and how to evaluate the plan once implemented. In the control process procedures are created to: identify expectations, monitor decisions, diagnose problems, prescribe corrective action, and providing feedback to facilitate organizational learning and adaptation.
Re-Creating the Corporation
Interactive planning can be used to design and implement many different areas in management systems. In addition, interactive planning establishes a model for evaluating, comprehending, and initiating change management within a corporation's safety and health program. This model enables Environmental Health and Safety professionals to create a process safety management framework to perform a gap analysis of current work practices compared with current company means to re-direct resources. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.